Gum Disease

Definition

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gum line. It can progress to affect the surrounding teeth and bone. There are three stages of gum disease. From least to most severe: gingivitis, periodonitis, and advanced periondonitis.

Signs & Symptoms

Gum disease can be painless, so it is important to be aware of any of the following symptoms:

  • Swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums
  • Gums that recede or move away from the tooth
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums

Prevention

  • Proper brushing and flossing
  • Using antibacterial toothpaste and mouthwash to kill bacteria
  • Biannual dental visits for cleanings and checkups

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